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Best Tips For solving class 11 unseen passages in English
- Read the passage in silence.
- Answer point to point questions from the given questions.
- You can go through the questions before reading the passage.
- Be sure to read the complete sentence.
- Modify your answers.
Unseen Passage For Class 11 – Passage 1
It’s not cool to be fat, but that hasn’t stopped an obesity epidemic from occurring among young Americans. Childhood obesity increased from 5% in 1964 to about 13% in 1994. Today it’s about 20%, and rising. Children, on average, spend five to six hours a day involved in sedentary activities like watching TV, using the computer, and playing video games, which is partly to blame for this rising rate. Maybe it wouldn’t matter if they were active enough at other times, but most of them aren’t.
To make matters worse, children are bombarded with television advertisements for fast food chains and other providers of high-fat, high-sugar meals and snacks. These highly effective advertising campaigns, combined with a physically inactive lifestyle, have produced a generation of children who are at high risk for medical conditions associated with obesity.
The main health threat is the early development of type 2 diabetes (adult onset), particularly in children with a family history of the disease. Doctors report an increase in the number of young adolescents developing type 2 diabetes, which can lead to heart disease, high blood pressure, kidney disease, stroke, limb amputations, and blindness. People who develop diabetes in adolescence face a decreased quality of life and a shorter life expectancy, particularly if the disease progresses without treatment. It’s a scary prospect for our children, but in many cases, obesity and diabetes are preventable.
When kids spend most of their free time sitting in front of TVs and computers, they aren’t outside running, jumping, or participating in team sports that would keep their weight down. Parents should set limits on the time their children spend in passive activities. Pediatricians recommend restricting children to one or two hours a day in front of the TV and computer combined, although older children may need additional time for learning activities.
Parent involvement remains the most important key to healthy diets for our children. Programs to educate parents about nutrition are essential. Fast foods should be eaten only in moderation. Caregivers, who are often busy and in a hurry, must avoid the temptation to take their children to fast food restaurants or buy fast food for dinner at home. Changing eating habits and lifestyles is not easy, but the benefit to our children’s health is a wonderful reward for parents willing to take on the task.
Unseen Passage With Questions And Answers Class 11 (Passage 1):
Question: One of the major reasons behind obesity among children is …………..
(b) playing indoor games
(c) their sedentary lifestyle
(d) eating fast foods
Question: Early development of type 2 diabetes is normally found in children with
(a) sedentary lifestyles
(b) strict parents
(c) voracious appetites
(d) a family history of the disease
Question: The most important factor to improve our children’s diet is ………….
(a) parental involvement
(b) not watching TV advertisements
(c) not having fast foods
(d) All of these
Question: Adolescents who develop diabetes may have……… if not treated promptly.
(a) poor quality of life
(b) reduced span of life
(c) Both (a) and(b)
(d) Neither (a) nor (b)
Question: The word………… in para 1 means ‘inactive’.
Question: The word……….. in para 3 means ‘ to become smaller or weaker’.
- Answer: (c) their sedentary lifestyle
- Answer: (d) a family history of the disease
- Answer: (a) parental involvement
- Answer: (c) Both (a) and(b)
- Answer: (b) sedentary
- Answer: (d) diminished
Unseen Passage For Class 11 – Passage 2
Delhi tried very hard, but it was not enough. In the run up to D-Day, the sound of firecrackers had not been heard. The Supreme Court’s ban on its sale had made it difficult to acquire, but many people, including schoolchildren, had decided to break tradition for clean air. And until 7 pm on Diwali, most neighborhoods were quiet. Around that time the first sound of firecrackers exploding was heard, slowly building to a crescendo. But it was nowhere near the blitzkrieg of the past, not even half of it. And long before midnight, it was all over.
The bad news broke at dawn. It was a visibly smoggy morning. Air pollution levels peaked on Diwali night and remained dangerously high through Friday afternoon, as reflected in real-time monitoring data from the Central Pollution Control Board (CPCB) and the Delhi Pollution Control Committee (DPCC).
The CPCB, however, pointed to a silver lining. He said this year’s Air Quality Index (AQI) was better than Diwali’s in the past two years despite the harsh weather conditions. At Diwali last year (October 30, 2016), the city’s average AQI was in the “serious” category at 426, while the year before (November 11, 2015), it had been in the “very poor” category. ” at 327. This time, it was marginally lower at 326.
There are so many factors that affect air quality, from wind speed and direction to crop stubble burning in neighboring states, that it’s hard to definitively identify the main culprit. What must be recognized, however, is that at least most people are willing to stick with what may seem like unpleasant decisions for a better quality of life.
However, the data is troubling informed observers, particularly the massive spikes in levels of PM 2.5 (respirable fine particulate matter pollutants) and PM 10 (coarse particulate matter pollutants) on Thursday night after 10 p.m. p.m. Delhi peaked at 656 micrograms per cubic meter around midnight.
However, the data also shows that despite unfavorable weather conditions, the air quality at Diwali this year was better than last year. It hadn’t been as good in the two days before Diwali due to the intrusion of humid air from the southeast, coupled with prevailing calm wind conditions. The average mixing height (the height at which smoke or air rises, mixes and disperses) recorded on October 18 and 19 was 547 meters and 481 meters, respectively, according to the CPCB. It must be at least 1000 meters for a correct dispersion.
Unseen Passage With Questions And Answers Class 11 (Passage 2):
Question: 1. In the run-up to D-Day, the sound of firecrackers had not been heard because the
(i) Supreme Court banned the sales of firecrackers.
(ii) children resolved to back tradition for clean air.
(iii) neighbourhoods did not like the sound of firecrackers.
(iv) children were afraid of the sound of firecrackers.
Question: 2. The ‘bad news’ that broke at dawn was that
(i) there was smog in the sky.
(ii) the air pollution levels were dangerously high.
(iii) CPCB released real time figures that were alarming.
(iv) All of the above.
Question: 3. The AQI levels after Diwali this year were
(i) the same as in other years.
(ii) higher than other years.
(iii) lower than other years.
(iv) could not be ascertained.
Question: 4. There will be no air pollution if
(i) school children do not burst crackers on Diwali.
(ii) there is a strong wind on Diwali night.
(iii) if the motor vehicles do not run on Diwali.
(iv) None of the above.
Question: 5. ‘Crescendo’ in para 1 means
(i) to happen successfully
(ii) an increase in intensity
(iii) better quality of life
(iv) metrological conditions
Question: 6. unpalatable in para 4 means
(i) 6,000 metres for proper dispersal
(ii) feeling happy
(iv) not pleasant
- Answer: (i) the Supreme Court banned the sales of firecrackers
- Answer: (iv) All the above
- Answer: (iii) lower than other years
- Answer: (iv) None of the above.
- Answer: (ii) an increase in intensity
- Answer: (iv) not pleasant
Unseen Passage For Class 11 CBSE – Passage 3
“Cure yesterday of my disease, I died last night of my doctor”, says Matthew Prior, a famous pharmacologist, while talking about the deleterious effects of drugs in his book “The remedy worse than the disease”. There is no shortage of patients dying from the wrong treatment. disorder destined to disappear in a short duration.
In this age of drugs we must become familiar with the term “iatrogenic disease (illness caused by a doctor)”. When a doctor administers medication without a full understanding of the patient’s condition, the drugs wreak havoc. A person can become a victim of a worse disease or even lose his life.
With Analgin, for example, special precautions should be taken in case of pregnancy, bronchial asthma, kidney and liver dysfunctions and blood-related disorders. It has been banned in several countries, including the US and Sweden, due to its unexpected and negative effects leading to one even death from anaphylactic shock. Anaphylactic shock is a process that leads to a severe drop in blood pressure, bronchoconstriction, inflammation of the blood and lymphatic vessels, and sometimes death due to fluid loss in these vessels. Anaphylaxis usually occurs suddenly, minutes after the administration of a drug. The well-known drug penicillin, and many other drugs, can cause anaphylaxis.
The term “side effects” is part of the vocabulary of a sick layman, but adverse drug reactions are known only to a more conscientious and literate patient.
Ciprofloxacin, when given for an ear infection, can cause vertigo and amoxicillin, while fighting a throat infection, can damage the stomach. Similarly, while chemotherapy given for cancer can lead to indigestion and hair loss, steroids given continuously can lead to obesity and diabetes.
Drugs are intended to eliminate the disease. In the quest to avoid the misery of disease, man has invented medicines that can themselves cause disease. Illness caused by a drug can be short-term or long-term. Side effects are short-term and predictable. Unpredictable and unusual reactions are called adverse reactions. A variety of medications cure many diseases, but they have also been known to cause irregular heartbeats and even sudden death.
A strong sense of responsibility on the part of the physician and an attitude of extreme caution on the part of the patient can substantially help to cover at least some, if not all, of the risks of medications. There are many factors that help a doctor in his choice and use of the drug. A patient’s medical history, age, gender, personality, environment, and education all help decide the course of treatment. The very old and the very young are likely to suffer because their bodies are less tolerant. Older children can sometimes be more tolerant than adults. The elderly tend to respond better to standard doses of medications. But smaller body size, slow blood flow to vital organs, decreased metabolic capacity, and a tendency to multiple physical problems all contribute to adverse reactions.
Unseen Passage With Questions And Answers Class 11 (Passage 3):
Question: 1. An “Iatrogenic disease” is an ailment caused by……………………………
(a) infection in the hospital ward
(b) overdose of anaesthetic
(c) the wrong administration of drugs by a physician
(d) self-medication and buying drugs over the counter
Question: 2. Analgin and penicillin must be used carefully because……………………………
(a) these may cause suffocation
(b) they may create bruises
(c) some patients complain of leg cramps
(d) these may cause anaphylaxis
Question: 3. An adverse drug reaction is an illness caused by……………………………
(a) secondary effects of a drug
(b) a drug having unpredictable and strange effects on a patient
(c) a drug having predictable and unpleasant disorders
(d) the use of drugs taken after their date of expiry
Question: 4. Man has invented drugs to eliminate……………………………
(b) side effects
Question: 5. Elderly people are prone to adverse drug reactions because they have……………………………
(a) larger body size
(b) multiple emotional problems
(c) slow blood flow to vital organs
(d) stagnant metabolic capacity
Question: 6. The word ‘dysfunction’ in para 4 means……………………………
(a) disorder of brain
(c) bad temper
(d) not working properly
- Anwer: (c) the wrong administration of drugs by a physician
- Anwer: (d) these may cause anaphylaxis
- Anwer: (b) a drug having unpredictable and strange effects on a patient
- Anwer: (a) diseases
- Anwer: (c) slow blood flow to vital organs
- Anwer: (d) not working properly
Unseen Passage For Class 11 CBSE – Passage 4
Traveling is a bug that was in me when I was born, probably inherited from my father. In twenty years of extensive travel in India, what has fascinated me most are those small islands that dot the Bay of Bengal on the east coast of India. Yes, I am talking about the Andaman Islands. The Andaman Islands somehow seemed almost sinister, with images of being haunted, gloomy and terrifying, until my parents returned from a trip to Port Blair and told us about these serene islands. We immediately look forward to the first opportunity to take a break and check them out.
Finally, D-day came and we were all ready. We boarded the plane and to our surprise found that there were several empty seats. On enquiry, we learn that all the supplies for the Andaman, including newspapers and meat, come from the mainland, so there is always more cargo and fewer people.
Port Blair Airport is a small, old airport that was built in 1947. On the way to the hotel I noticed that there are none of the usual auto rickshaws that clatter through most Indian cities. There was only one traffic light in the whole town and the roads had more ups and downs than grade. All of this was amazing for a person like me who has lived in the coastal cities of Chennai and Mumbai.
The color of the sea was a pristine blue, a color he had not seen on any of the beaches in India. It was calm and beautiful. I was delighted with the fact that we were going to spend ten full days there. All we had to do was sit in the open restaurant, look at the sea, enjoy the cool breeze and feel good.
The Andaman Islands are a group of several islands, so most of our sightseeing was by boat. There are a total of more than 356 islands there. Even the oldest ferryman, Rathnam, had only seen 200 of them. I figured that ten days probably wouldn’t be long enough to get a complete picture of this place, so I started storing every sight, every sound, and every smell. The sound and light show in the jail sent a shiver down my spine. (This trip was before the movie ‘Kalapani’ was released.) Realizing that here lived, fought, suffered and even died those who fought for our Independence, left an impact.
Unseen Passage With Questions And Answers Class 11 (Passage 4):
Question: What kind of a passage is this?
Question: Why was the author interested in taking a trip to Andaman Islands?
(a) It had a haunted, bleak and scary image.
(b) As his parents had recently taken a trip there.
(c) He loved travelling.
(d) He was largely fascinated by what his parents told him about the islands.
Question: Why was the author surprised when he reached Port Blair?
(a) The airport was very small.
(b) There was only one traffic signal in the entire town.
(c) The roads were more ups and downs than level.
(d) All of the above
Question: What is the meaning of the phrase ‘sent a shiver down my spine’?
(a) Feel very frightened
(b) Feel very excited
(c) Feel very relaxed
(d) None of these
Question: The synonym of ‘sinister’ in the second paragraph is……………
(b) left side
Question: One thing that left a major impact on the author was……………
(a) the serenity of the place
(b) the wholesome experience
(c) vastness of the islands
(d) the realisation that freedom fighters had lived, struggled and died there
- Answer: 1) (b) Travelogue
- Answer: 2) (d) He was largely fascinated by what his parents told him about the islands.
- Answer: 3) (d) All of the above
- Answer: 4) (a) Feel very frightened
- Answer: 5) (a) threatening
- Answer: 6) (d) the realisation that freedom fighters had lived, struggled and died there
Unseen Passage For Class 11 CBSE – Passage 5
Every day is an opportunity to invest in life; an opportunity to renew yourself, to shed yesterday’s skin, to discharge yourself to get rid of yesterday’s pain. Take joy in life each day as it gives you the opportunity to work, love and play, and look at the sun. And then when the sun goes down, don’t cry, tears will make you miss the beauty of the stars. Life moves on, and if you don’t stop and look at the wonders that are already present in your life, you will miss out on life altogether.
Think big thoughts but enjoy the small joys that life offers you every day. Maybe it’s as simple as smiling at someone. Because that could be the last day of life, for you or for the other person.
A small genuine act on your part will cost you nothing, but it could mean everything to someone that day. Life is a succession of moments. Live every moment. Life has no romance without risk. All actions carry a certain amount of risk, it can be less or more, but the element of risk is always present.
If there is no wind, row. Make things happen instead of letting things happen. You can’t give anything without giving yourself, without taking risks. The most important thing in life is not what you receive but what you give.
Once a preacher visited the home of a very poor family. When he left, he found a son admiring his new car, so the preacher explained that he had received it as a gift from his brother. Most guys would say, “I wish I had a brother like that,” but this one said, “Lord, I wish I could be a brother like that.”
If you are not enjoying this trip, surely you will not enjoy the destination. It will become a time to fear, not a time you can really look forward to. It is not what happens that determines our future, but what you do with what happens that counts.
Conquer the mind and you will conquer the world. Looking back tenses the neck muscles. Likewise, living in the past strains your life. Don’t dwell on the past. Have faith in yourself and you will have faith in others. Fulfill your destiny. Remember, no one can make you unhappy without your consent.
The way you face life is what makes the difference. Even peace of mind is not the absence of conflict, but the ability to deal with it. You have to get close to other people. That will teach you to forgive people and also to forgive yourself. Forgiveness means leaving the past behind. Compassion is about coming out of yourself. A kind and compassionate act is often its own reward. Live your life without complaining, like the tree.
Unseen Passage With Questions And Answers Class 11 (Passage 5):
Question (a) Why should we be glad of each day?
(i) Because we are more mature each new day.
(ii) Because we have more energy.
(iii) Because we are free of yesterday.
(iv) Because we can live life, work and enjoy each new day.
Question (b) What is meant by make things happen?
(i) Take initiative, take risks, start things.
(ii) If you are in a boat, you must row.
(iii) Give whatever you wish to give.
(iv) Do not try to get things.
Question (c) A small genuine act (para 5) could mean
(i) an act of kindness and love
(ii) a heroic act
(iii) a good piece of acting
(iv) a short scene in a play
Question (d) We should not dwell on the past because
(i) we should learn from our mistakes in the past
(ii) the past does not allow us to progress
(iii) our mistakes and failures in the past can depress us
(iv) the past will never come back
Question (e) Succession in para 5 means
Question (f) Romance in para 5 means
(i) a love affair
(iii) an imaginative temperament
- Answer: (iv) Because we can live life, work and enjoy each new day.
- Answer: (iv) Do not try to get things.
- Answer: (i) an act of kindness and love
- Answer: (ii) our mistakes and failures in the past can depress us
- Answer: (iv) series
- Answer: (ii) charm
Unseen Passage For Class 11 With Questions And Answers PDF
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