NCERT Solutions for Class 6 History Chapter 10 Traders Kings and Pilgrims


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CategoryNCERT Solutions
ClassClass 6
ChapterChapter 10
Chapter NameTraders, Kings and Pilgrims
Number of Questions Solved8
NCERT Solutions for Class 6 History Chapter 10 Traders Kings and Pilgrims

NCERT Solutions for Class 6 History Chapter 10 Traders Kings and Pilgrims



(Pages 109-110)

Question 1. Match the following:

MuvendarMahayana Buddhism
Lords of the DakshinapathaBuddhacharita
AshvaghoshaSatavahana rulers
BodhisattvasChinese pilgrim
Xuan ZangCholas, Cheras and Pandyas


MuvendarCholas, Cheras and Pandyas
Lords of the DakshinapathaSatavahana rulers
BodhisattvasMahayana Buddhism
Xuan ZangChinese pilgrim

Question 2. Why did kings want to control the Silk Route?


The kings wanted to control the silk route because they? would benefit from the taxes, tributes, and gifts that were brought by traders travelling along the route.

Question 3. What kinds of evidence do historians use to find out about trade and trade routes?


The historians use the following evidence to find out about trade and trade routes:

1. Archaeologists have collected information about the Northern Black Polished Ware. They have provided information about bowls and plates which were found from several sites throughout the subcontinent. They guess that traders might have been carried from the place where they were made, to other places.

2. Historians find evidence of the trade in Sangam poems (or literary works). Here is one example which describes the goods brought into Puhar an important port on the east coast:

  • Swift prancing horses by the sea in ships
  • bales of black pepper in carts
  • gems and gold born in the Himalayas
  • sandalwood born in the western hills
  • the pearls of the southern seas
  • corals from the eastern oceans
  • the yield of the Ganga and the crops from the Kaveri
  • foodstuffs from Sri Lanka
  • pottery from Myanmar and other rare and rich imports.

3. Using different historical sources the historians tell us that south India was famous for gold, spices, especially pepper, and precious stones. Pepper was particularly valued in the Roman empire, so much so that it was known as black gold. So, Indian traders carried many of these goods in ships, across the sea, and in caravans, to Rome. Many Roman gold coins have been found in south India. These coins are considered great proofs of trade relations between ancient India and Roman empire.

4. Traders explored several sea routes along the coasts. Other routes passed across the Arabian Sea and the Bay of Bengal, where sailors took advantage of the monsoon winds to cross the seas more quickly. So, if they desired to reach the western coast of the subcontinent from East Africa or Arabia, they chose to sail with the southwest monsoon.

Question 4. What were the main features of Bhakti?


The main features of Bhakti are:

  1. Bhakti emphasised devotion and individual worship of a god or goddess rather than the performance of elaborate sacrifices.
  2. According to this system of belief, if a devotee worships the chosen deity with a pure heart, the deity will appear in the form in which he or she may desire.

Question 5. Discuss the reasons why the Chinese pilgrims came to India?


The Chinese pilgrims (Fa-Xian, Xuan Zang, and I-Qing) came to India to visit places associated with the life and teachings of the Buddha as well as famous monasteries. They had in Buddhist religious books also. They carried some books back with them.

Question 6. Why do you think ordinary people were attracted to Bhakti?


Ordinary people were attracted to Bhakti because it was a devotion to a particular deity, eg., Shiva, Vishnu, etc. The people did not need to perform elaborate temple or religious ceremonies.

Question 7. List five things that you buy from the market. Which of these are made in the city/village in which you live and which are brought by traders from other areas?


List of things that we buy from the market:
(a) Things made in our city

  1. The pots and pans of shiny steel.
  2. Bright plastic baskets.
  3. Cloth printed with brilliant floral designs.
  4. Clockwork or electronic toys.
  5. Radio and Television sets.

(b) Things made in our village

  1. Clay pots made by our village potter.
  2. Leather shoes and Chappals manufactured by our village shoemaker.
  3. Wooden toys and articles manufactured by our village carpenter.
  4. Iron and metal tools and articles made by our village blacksmith.
  5. Ring and other ornaments made by our village goldsmith.

(c) Things brought by our traders

  1. Swift prancing horses by the sea in ships.
  2. Bales of black pepper in carts.
  3. Gems and gold from southern India.
  4. Sandalwood collected from the forests of Karnataka.
  5. The pears of the southern seas.

Question 8. There are several major pilgrimages performed by people in India today. Find out about any one of them and write a short description.
[Hint: Who can go on the pilgrimage—men, women, or children? How long does it take? How do people travel? What do they take with them? What do they do when they reach the holy place? Do they bring anything back with them?]


Amarnath Ki Yatra is one of the most arduous journeys undertaken by the pilgrims. It is a sacred place for the Hindus. Amarnath in the Himalayas has a natural shiv linga made of ice. The journey is undertaken by people of all ages. It takes about 15 days from Delhi. The journey starts in the month of August. Part of the journey is covered by train, another part on foot and riding on animals.

The security forces have to protect the pilgrims from terrorist attacks. The pilgrims carry offerings and after bathing they offer their prayers, they start on the return journey. Very often the pilgrims bring ‘prasad’ which is distributed among the people back home.

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