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|Chapter Name||Key Elements of a Democratic Government|
|Number of Questions Solved||6|
NCERT Solutions for Class 6 Civics Chapter 4 Key Elements of a Democratic Government
NCERT TEXTBOOK EXERCISES
Question 1. How would Maya’s life be different in South Africa today?
If Maya lived in South Africa today she will enjoy equal rights to participate in the affairs of the government, she will have equal access to all social benefits and she will be protected by law. No injustice will be done to her.
Question 2. What are the various ways in which people participate in the process of government?
There are various ways in which people participate in the process of government:
- Through voting in elections, people elect leaders of their choice to represent them. These representatives take decisions on behalf of the people.
- People participate in the process of government by taking an interest in the working of the government and by criticizing it when required.
- People express their views in several ways and make governments understand what actions they should take. They stage dhamas, hold rallies, strikes, signature campaigns, etc.
- Another way for people to participate is by organising themselves into social movements that seek to challenge the government and its functioning. Members of the minority community can participate in this manner.
Question 3. Why do you think we need the government to find solutions to any disputes or conflicts?
Conflicts appear when people of different cultures, religions, regions, or economic backgrounds, do not get along with each other or when they feel that they are being discriminated against. People may use violent means to settle their differences. This leads to fear and tension among them. The government is responsible for helping to resolve conflicts in a peaceful manner.
Question 4. What actions does the government take to ensure that all people are treated equally?
- The discriminatory actions are banned through laws.
- Laws are strictly enforced.
- Equality and justice are enforced.
- Pecuniary actions are taken like fines and jail if miscreants cause impediments in the path of progress and in the path of enforcing or implementing welfare schemes.
Question 5. Read through the chapter and discuss some of the key ideas of a democratic government. Make a list. For example, all people are equal.
The key ideas of a democratic government are the following:
- Right of the people to vote in the elections.
- Re-election of the government, after a fixed period.
- The people carry out campaigns and rallies.
- Responsible government.
- Government resolves disputes and conflicts.
- Justice and equality to all.
Question 1. What were Hector and his classmates protesting about? (NCERT Page 36)
Hector and his classmates were protesting against the learning of the Afrikaan language which was being forced on them by the whites, in place of their own language, Zulu.
Question 2. List five ways in which non-whites were discriminated against: (NCERT Page 36)
Five ways in which non-whites were discriminated against were:
- Hospitals and ambulances were separate for whites and non-whites.
- There were separate trains and buses.
- Bus stops were also different.
- No voting right to non-whites.
- Best lands were reserved for whites while non-whites had ownership of the worst available land.
Question 3. Do you think it is important for all persons to be treated equally? Why? (NCERT Page 36)
Yes, we think it is important for all persons to be treated equally because all persons have been born equal.
- They have the same blood running in their veins.
- They have some heart, the same bones, the same skin, and their same body system.
Question 4. What does a democratic government mean to all of us? (NCERT Page 36)
By a democratic government, we mean a government of the people, by the people, and for the people.
Question 5. Why do we have regular elections? (NCERT Page 36)
In a democracy, people take decisions and make laws through their elected representatives.
- Through elections, they choose their new representatives to represent them in legislatures and parliament.
- These representatives take decisions and make laws.
- In this way, they keep the voices and interests of the people in their minds. Regular elections keep the representatives abreast of the needs and aspirations of the people and act according to these.
- They know that if they do not prove equal to the needs and aspirations of the people they may be thrown out and new representatives could be elected.
Question 6. Discuss: (NCERT Page 37)
Look at some newspapers and discuss some elections that you may have read about. Why do you think elections are required after a fixed period?
We have read about recent elections held in the country (General Elections), Rajasthan, M.P., Chhattisgarh, J & K, Arunachal Pradesh, Haryana, and Kerala (2008-2009).
- UPA led by Congress formed the government at the center for the second time in a row.
- National Conference-led government took over in J & K.
- LDF took over in Kerala.
- Congress formed the government in Rajasthan retained in Haryana.
- BJP retained government in M.P. and Chhattisgarh.
Question 7. Discuss: (NCERT Page 40)
In Maya’s story did the government support the idea that people are equal? In Dr. Ambedkar’s story did the practice of untouchability support the idea that people are equal?
- In Maya’s story, the government did not support the idea that people are equal.
- In Dr. Ambedkar’s story, the practice of untouchability did not support the idea that people are equal.
- It supported the idea of discrimination and unjust or unequal situations.
Question 8. Question Box: (NCERT Page 38)
Bead the story (of Hector) again; Do you think the police Shooting of Hector could have been avoided? How?
Yes, we think the police shooting of Hector could be avoided by using restraint and by keeping cool on the protesters.
- How do you think lowering the school fees would help girls attend school?
- Can you think of any experience from your life in which you have helped someone out of a situation which you thought was unfair?
- Did everyone else see it the same way?
- What did you have to say to convince others that what you did was fair? (NCERT Page 40)
- We think that lowering the school fees would help girls to attend school because parents think that their girls would get an education by a very low payment of fees. They would send them to school and would not assume them as burdens.
- I helped a faqir who was ill-clad in winter by providing him woolen clothes. No, it was not an unfair situation, it was a genuine situation.
- No, no one saw it the other way.
- As my intention was just, all the people around me were convinced by my action. They termed my action as fair.
NCERT Solutions for Class 6 Civics Chapter 4 Key Elements of a Democratic Government PDF
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NCERT Solutions for Class 6 Civics All Chapters HERE Below
- Class 6 Civics Chapter 1 Understanding Diversity
- Class 6 Civics Chapter 2 Diversity and Discrimination
- Class 6 Civics Chapter 3 What is Government?
- Class 6 Civics Chapter 4 Key Elements of a Democratic Government
- Class 6 Civics Chapter 5 Panchayati Raj
- Class 6 Civics Chapter 6 Rural Administration
- Class 6 Civics Chapter 7 Urban Administration
- Class 6 Civics Chapter 8 Rural Livelihoods
- Class 6 Civics Chapter 9 Urban Livelihoods