# NCERT Solutions For Class 11 Maths Chapter 1 Sets Ex 1.1

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## NCERT Solutions for Class 11 Maths Chapter 1 Sets Ex 1.1

NCERT TEXTBOOK EXERCISES

Ex 1.1 Class 11 Maths Question 1. Which of the following are sets? Justify your answer.

(i) The collection of all the months of a year beginning with the letter J.
(ii) The collection of ten most talented writers of India.
(iii) A team of eleven best-cricket batsmen of the world.
(iv) The collection of all boys in your class.
(v) The collection of all natural numbers less than 100.
(vi) A collection of novels written by the writer Munshi Prem Chand.
(vii) The collection of all even integers.
(viii) The collection of questions in this Chapter,
(ix) A collection of most dangerous animals of world.

Solution.

(i) The collection of all months of a year beginning with J is {J anuary, June, July}, which is well defined and hence it forms a set.
(ii) The collection of most talented writers of India is not well defined because opinions about ‘most talented writers’ vary from person to person and hence it does not form a set.
(iii) A team of eleven best-cricket batsmen of the world is not well defined because opinions about ‘best-cricket batsmen’ vary from person to person and hence it does not form a set.
(iv) The collection of all boys in your class is well defined and hence it forms a set.
(v) The collection of all natural numbers less than 100 is {1, 2, 3, 4,…………, 99}, which is well
defined and hence it forms a set.
(vi) A collection of novels written by the writer Munshi Prem Chand is well defined and hence it forms a set.
(vii) The collection of all even integers is {…………..,-4, -2, 0, 2, 4,……….. } which is well defined and hence it forms a set.
(viii) The collection of questions in this chapter is well defined and hence it forms a set.
(ix) A collection of most dangerous animals of the world is not well defined because opinions about ‘most dangerous animals’ vary from person to person and hence it does not form a set.

Ex 1.1 Class 11 Maths Question 2. Let A = {1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6). Insert the appropriate symbol ∈ or ∉ in the blank spaces:

(i) 5…A
(ii) 8…A
(iii) 0…A
(iv) 4…A
(v) 2…A
(vi) 10…A

Solution.

(i) Since 5 is the element of A. ∴ 5 ∉ A.
(ii) As 8 is not the element of A. ∴ 8 ∉ A
(iii) As 0 is not the element of A ∴ 0 ∈ A.
(iv) 4 is the element of A ∴ 4 ∈ A.
(v) 2 is the element of A ∴ 2 ∈ A.
(vi) 10 is not the element of A ∴ 10 ∉ A.

Ex 1.1 Class 11 Maths Question 3. Write the following sets in roster form:

(i) A = {x: x is an integer and -3 < x < 7}
(ii) B = {x: x is a natural number less than 6}
(iii) C = {x: x is a two-digit natural number such that the sum of its digits is 8}
(v) E = The set of all letters in the word TRIGONOMETRY
(vi) F = The set of all letters in the word

Solution.

(i) Integers lying between -3 and 7 are -2, -1, 0, 1, 2, ……….. , 6
∴ A = {-2,-1, 6}.

(ii) Natural numbers less than 6 are 1, 2, 3, 4, 5.
∴ B = 11, 2, 3, 4, 5}

(iii) Two digit natural numbers such that the sum of its digits is 8 are 17, 26, 35, 44, 53, 62, 71, 80.
∴ C= (17, 26, 35, 44, 53, 62, 71,80}

(iv) Prime number divisors of 60 are 2, 3, 5.
∴ D = (2, 3, 5}

(v) Word TRIGONOMETRY is formed by using the letters T, R, I, G, O, N, M, E, Y.
∴ E = (T, R, I, G, N, O, M, E, Y}

(vi) Word BETTER is formed by using the letters B, E, T, R
∴ F = (B, E, T, R}

Ex 1.1 Class 11 Maths Question 4. Write the following sets in the set-builder form:

(i) {3, 6, 9, 12}
(ii) {2, 4, 8, 16, 32}
(iii) {5, 25, 125, 625}
(iv) {2,4,6,…}
(v) {1,4,9,……..,100}

Solution.

(i) Let A = (3, 6, 9, 12}
All elements of the set are natural numbers that are multiples of 3.
∴ A = (x : x = 3n, n∈N and 1 ≤ n ≤4}

(ii) Let B = (2, 4, 8, 16, 32} = (21, 22, 23, 24, 25}
∴ B = {x : x = 2n, n ∈ N and 1 ≤ n ≤ 5}

(iii) Let C = (5, 25, 125, 625} = (51, 52, 53, 54}
∴ C = {x : x = 5n, n ∈ N and 1 ≤ n ≤ 4}

(iv) Let D = (2, 4, 6,……………..}
All elements of the set are even natural numbers.
∴ D = (x: x is an even natural number)

(v) Let E = {1,4,9,……….,100}
All elements of the set are perfect squares.
∴ E = {x: x = n2, n ∈ N and 1 ≤ n ≤ 10}

Ex 1.1 Class 11 Maths Question 5. List all the elements of the following sets:

(i) A = {x: x is an odd natural number}
(ii) B = {x: x is an integer, −1/2 < x < 9/2}
(iii) C = {x: x is an integer, x2 ≤ 4}
(iv) D = {x: x is a letter in the word “LOYAL”}
(v) E = {x: x is a month of a year not having 31 days}
(vi) F = {x : x is a consonant in the English alphabet which precedes k}.

Solution.

(i) A = {x: x is an odd natural number}
∴ A = {1, 3, 5, 7,……………}

(ii) B = {x: x is an integer, −1/2 < x < 9/2}
∴ B = { 0, 1, 2, 3, 4}

(iii) C = {x: x is an integer, x2 ≤ 4}
x2 ≤ 4⇒ -2 ≤ x ≤ 2
∴ C = {-2, -1, 0, 1, 2}

(iv) D = {x: x is a letter in the word “LOYAL”}
∴ D = {L, O, Y, A}

(v) E = {x: x is a month of a year not having 31 days}
∴ E = {February, April, June, September, November}

(vi) F = {x: x is a consonant in the English alphabet which precedes k}
∴ F = {b, c, d, f, g, h, j}

Ex 1.1 Class 11 Maths Question 6. Match each of the set on the left in the roster form with the same set on the right described in set-builder form:

i. {1,2, 3,6}                                                    (a) {x: x is a prime number and a divisor of 6}
ii. {2,3}                                                           (b) {x : x is an odd natural number less than 10}
iii. {M, A, T, H,  E,I,C, S}                            (c) {x: x is natural number and divisor of 6}                                 iv. {1, 3, 5, 7, 9}                                           (d) {x : x is a letter of the word MATHEMATICS}.

Solution.

(i) → (c),
(ii) → (a),
(iii) → (d),
(iv) → (b).

The sets which are in set-builder form can be written in roster form as follows:
(a)
{x : x is a prime number and a divisor of 6} = {2, 3}
(b) {x: x is an odd natural number less than 10} = {1, 3, 5, 7, 9}
(c) {x : x is natural number and divisor of 6} = {1, 2, 3, 6}
(d) {x: x is a letter of the word MATHEMATICS} = {M, A, T, H, E, I, C, S}

## NCERT Solutions for Class 11 Maths Chapter 1 Sets Exercise 1.1 PDF

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